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한국농촌건축학회

학회문헌

논문집

  • 학회문헌
  • 논문집

한국농촌건축학회논문집, Vol.21 no.4 (2019)
pp.9~16

DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2019.21.4.009

- 북한의 농촌 공간계획의 특징에 관한 연구 - 김일성 시기 도농연계이론을 바탕으로 - -

김민아

(국토연구원 책임연구원, 공학박사)

This study aims to identify the rural spatial structure and to establish the planning characteristics based on urban-rural connections strategy of North Korea. For this purpose, they were collected such as documents and drawings including primary data related to rural planning in North Korea, and the rural space were classified into three elements in order to analyze them by the rural planning's point of the view. Unlike generalized capitalist cities, socialist North Korean cities are characterized by the coexistence of urban and rural areas. This distinct feature of the city is also reflected in creating rural space in North Korea. Thus, The urban-rural integration in spatial planning is a key factor in understanding the spatial structure of North Korea. This study firstly examines the characteristics of the county(gun), the administrative and economic unit established in the post-war period, secondly, examines the planning method of town(eup) which can be called the urban center in rural areas, and lastly grasps the planning method of rural village focusing on collectivization and identifies how they are connected to the town for the shake of urban-rural integration. As a result, the characteristics of rural planning in North Korea has revealed that it has a comprehensive rural planning established with the goal of strengthening the self-sufficiency of the rural area by the means of the create of rural spatial hierarchy in the whole country.
  북한 농촌 공간; 농촌 계획; 군 생활권; 읍 도시; 협동농장;North Korea Rural Space; Rural Planning; Rural Life Sphere(Gun); Town(Eup); Cooperative Farms

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